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BLOOD CANCER

BLOOD CANCER

Blood cancer originates from the bone marrow from where your blood is produced. Blood cancer is characterized when abnormal blood cells start growing and become uncontrolled to manage. Consequently, these growing cells also affect the normal blood cell function, which helps fight infection and produce new blood cells.

Mainly, blood cancer can be divided into:

Leukemia-

It’s a type of cancer found in the bone marrow and caused by the rapid production of abnormal white blood
cell production. The abnormally white blood cells are not able to fight infection and thus impair bone
marrow’s ability to produce red blood cells and platelets.

Lymphoma-

It’s the blood cancer type that affects the lymphatic system, known for removing excess fluids from the body
and producing immune cells. Lymphocytes are a type of white blood cell that fights infection. The abnormal
lymphocytes get transformed into lymphoma cells that multiply and collect in your lymph nodes and other
tissues. Eventually, these cancer cells affect your immune system.

Myeloma-

It’s a kind of cancer of the plasma cells. These cells are white blood cells that produce antibodies for fighting
diseases and infections. The cells grow in myeloma, prevent the natural production of antibodies, and cause a
poor immune system that is more susceptible to infections.

Blood Cancer Symptoms

Some common blood cancer symptoms are listed below:

  • Fever, chills
  • Persistent fatigue, weakness
  • Loss of appetite, nausea
  • Sweating in night
  • Bone or joint pain
  • Shortness of breath
  • Swollen lymph nodes in neck, underarms, or groin

Causes of Blood Cancer

Although there is no particular or known cause of blood cancer, various factors can
be the reason behind it. Those are

  • Age factor
  • Weak immune system
  • Family history
  • Certain infections

WHEN TO SEE A DOCTOR

If you notice worsening or new blood cancer signs, get in touch with an expert doctor immediately.

WHY BLOOD CANCER TREATMENT SHOULD NOT BE DELAYED?

If Blood Cancer goes untreated can cause serious complications, and can turn fatal. At this stage, patients often
experience

  • Bone fractures
  • Hypercalcemia due to breakdown of bone
  • Confusion or changes in consciousness
  • Severe infections
  • Kidney failure due to reduced blood flow